Live-in Caregiver class

The Live-In Caregiver Class is prescribed as a class of foreign nationals who may become permanent residents. A foreign national who seeks to enter Canada as a live-in caregiver must make an application for a work permit and apply for a temporary resident visa if such a visa is required.

Requirements
A work permit shall not be issued to a foreign national who seeks to enter Canada as a live-in caregiver unless they

  • applied for a work permit as a live-in caregiver before entering Canada;
  • have successfully completed a course of study that is equivalent to the successful completion of secondary school in Canada;
  • have the following training or experience, in a field or occupation related to the employment for which the work permit is sought, namely,
    1. Successful completion of six months of full-time training in a classroom setting, or
    2. completion of one year of full-time paid employment, including at least six months of continuous employment with one employer, in such a field or occupation within the three years immediately before the day on which they submit an application for a work permit;
  • have the ability to speak, read and listen to English or French at a level sufficient to communicate effectively in an unsupervised setting; and
  • have an employment contract with their future employer.

 

 

Permanent residence
A foreign national becomes a member of the live-in caregiver class if

 

  • they have submitted an application to remain in Canada as a permanent resident;
  • they are a temporary resident;
  • they hold a work permit as a live-in caregiver;
  • they entered Canada as a live-in caregiver and, for a cumulative period* of at least two years within the three years immediately following their entry,
    1. resided in a private household in Canada, and
    2. provided child care, senior home support care or care of a disabled person in that household without supervision;
  • they are not, and none of their family members are, the subject of an enforceable removal order or an admissibility hearing under the Act or an appeal or application for judicial review arising from such a hearing;
  • they did not enter Canada as a live-in caregiver as a result of a misrepresentation concerning their education, training or experience; and
  • where they intend to reside in the Province of Quebec, the competent authority of that Province is of the opinion that they meet the selection criteria of the Province.

* The cumulative period may be in respect of more than one employer or household and need not be without interruption, but may not be in respect of more than one employer or household at a time.

Family members — requirements
The requirements with respect to a family member of a live-in caregiver applying to remain in Canada as a permanent resident are the following:

  • a family member of a live-in caregiver was included in the live-in caregiver's application to remain in Canada as a permanent resident at the time the application was made; and
  • a family member is not inadmissible

Work permit / Work Visa to Canada

Application before entry
A foreign national may apply for a work permit at any time before entering Canada.

Application on entry
Subject to exception provided as under, a foreign national may apply for a work permit when entering Canada if the foreign national is exempt from the requirement to obtain a temporary resident visa.

Exceptions
A foreign national may not apply for a work permit when entering Canada if

  1. a determination of effect on labour market is required, unless
    1. the Department of Human Resources Development has provided an opinion in respect of an offer of employment — other than seasonal agricultural employment or employment as a live-in caregiver — to the foreign national, or
    2. the foreign national is a national or permanent resident of the United States or is a resident of Greenland or St. Pierre and Miquelon;
  2. the foreign national does not hold a medical certificate if they are seeking to work in an occupation in which the protection of public is essential.
  3. the foreign national is a participant in an international youth exchange program, unless they are a national or permanent resident of the United States or their application for a work permit was approved before their entry into Canada.

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